The Center for Hand-Counted Paper Ballots is a non-partisan organization, created with the intention of ensuring that each voter knows that her or his vote counts and is counted as intended.  For voters to have confidence in our election system, counting of votes must be perceived as being fair and must BE fair; the entire election process must be transparent.

This must be done WHILE WE STILL HAVE TIME — new web site for new book by Sheila Parks.

Women celebrating the passage of Amendment XIX — ratified on August 18, 1920, certified on August 26, 1920 and became the law of the land.

Used with permission of BPW/USA.

"Fighting For" Song by Natali Freed & Sheila Parks for the Center for Hand-Counted Paper Ballots, July 18, 2012.

Article Sections

Hacking the Machines: How voting machines are inherently insecure; also includes articles about suspicious actions associated with the voting machine industry.

Election Fraud: Florida, Georgia, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Against Machine Counting: Accounts of voting machines failing the people in actual elections.

For Hand-Counting: Why we need to have publicly observed hand-counted paper ballots (HCPB) elections with a secure chain of custody; several other technologically advanced countries are already doing this.

Voting Rights: The United States Constitution has two amendments forbidding discrimination in voting rights with respect to race and gender. Citizens should not then have these rights rendered meaningless on account of not being in control of vote counting.

Welcome to the

Center for Hand-Counted Paper Ballots

Publicly observed hand-counted paper ballots (HCPB) elections are a solution to the fraud and error associated with the use of electronic voting machines (both touchscreens / DRE‘s and optical scans) and the control of our elections by a privatized electronic voting machine industry that has shown itself to be willing and able to change votes against the voter's will.

See “Fraction Magic – Detailed Vote Rigging Demonstration” by Bev Harris (, October 31, 2016 (we recommend watching the following video full screen so that you can read what is on the computer screens).

“A real-time demo of the most devastating election theft mechanism yet found, with context and explanation. (See also: Jordan Robertson of Bloomberg Business analyzes Fraction Magic in its Cyber Security Segment: and Cover Story in Bloomberg Businessweek”

“This demonstration uses a real voting system and real vote databases and takes place in seconds across multiple jurisdictions. Over 5000 subcontractors and middlemen have the access to perform this for any or all clients. It can give contract signing authority to whoever the user chooses. All political power can be converted to the hands of a few anonymous subcontractors. It's a product. It's scaleable. It learns its environment and can adjust to any political environment, any demographic. It runs silently, invisibly, and can produce plausible results that really pass for the real thing.”

On August 9, 2016, the Boston Globe published this Letter to the Editor by Sheila Parks, Founder, Center for Hand-Counted Paper Ballots:

A clear and fair process for hand-counting ballots

THANK YOU for the article “Trump, Putin, and the hacking of an American election” (Tech Lab, July 27) by Hiawatha Bray.

The gold standard for counting votes is to hand-count paper ballots and to do so twice. Here is some more of what is needed: to have precincts with no more than one thousand registered voters; to have observers watching and to live-stream the counting; to have all parties on the ballot be counters and observers; to pay them $15 per hour — for doing one of the most, if not the most, important job in our society. Our right to vote and to have our votes counted as cast is the right that all our other rights rest on.

On Nov. 6, 2007, I observed Acton, Maine, count its votes in real time in the general election. With seven races and two initiatives, six teams of two people each hand-counted twice 944 ballots in four hours. So it can be done.

Counting should occur at each precinct immediately after polls close and be recorded and archived. Results should be posted at each precinct, immediately after the counting. Chain of custody of the ballots and ballot boxes should be specified. Ballot boxes should be observed 24/7 and a video record created as boxes are opened and closed and moved from place to place.

Electronic voting machines are not involved in this process in any way. Nor is there any connection to the Internet at any time.

Sheila Parks


(We recommend that you watch the following video full screen so that you can read the labels on the voting machine screen.)


Hand-counted paper ballots elections require new protocols to be implemented. Therefore, there is a need for information and training for election officials, other poll workers, and voters. We can also help you with ballot boxes and recruitment of hand-counters. Hand-counted paper ballots elections are not only much less expensive than buying, upgrading, maintaining, and storing electronic voting machines but also keep the money in the community.

We are against any form of voting that does not guarantee that votes are counted as cast. If you think your vote is counted as cast in our current system, think again.

We love this image for its highlighting of fraud by some voting machines. However, this does not discount the widespread existence of fraud by optical scan machines. The Emmy-nominated 81 minute documentary, Hacking Democracy (web site and video/DVD link), originally aired on HBO, shows Finnish computer expert Harri Hursti and BlackBoxVoting hacking the optical scan voting machines.

Verified Voting lists here all states in the USA and the kind of election equipment used in 2010 in all the jurisdictions in each state.

The right to vote, as well as the principle of "one person, one vote," are cornerstones of our democracy. The anti-slavery, women’s suffrage, and civil rights movements as well as the expansion of voting to young people are all part of the history of electoral reform in this country. Equally fundamental is the assurance that each voter knows that her or his vote counts and is counted as intended. At this time in our history, many have lost confidence in our voting system. publicly observed secure hand-counted paper ballots elections, with a secure chain of custody of the ballots, will bring transparency and honesty to our elections and make sure that the real winners take office.

PAC-MAN: What you can do with the

Sequoia AVC Edge touchscreen voting machines


“Dear Doug Jones, all our rights depend on our right to vote and have our vote counted as cast”, by Sheila Parks, Ed.D. (OpEdNews, December 11, 2017).

“Hackers breach dozens of voting machines brought to conference”, by Joe Uchill (The Hill, July 29, 2017). “LAS VEGAS – One of the nation's largest cybersecurity conferences is inviting attendees to get hands-on experience hacking a slew of voting machines, demonstrating to researchers how easy the process can be.

‘It took me only a few minutes to see how to hack it,’ said security consultant Thomas Richards, glancing at a Premier Election Solutions machine currently in use in Georgia.

The DEF CON cybersecurity conference is held annually in Las Vegas. This year, for the first time, the conference is hosting a ‘Voting Machine Village,’ where attendees can try to hack a number of systems and help catch vulnerabilities.

The conference acquired 30 machines for hackers to toy with. Every voting machine in the village was hacked.”

“Defcon hackers find it's very easy to break voting machines”
“Voting is at the foundation of every democracy. Hackers find it's on shaky ground thanks to shoddy technology.”, by Alfred Ng (CNET, July 30, 2017). “The village is expected to return to Defcon for the next three years, right up until Trump's potential re-election campaign. The hackers at Defcon hope by 2020, their exploits will lead to changes in voting booth technology.

‘Hacking it is good because it's able to inform politicians and people in Congress about what they should do with voting machines,’ Hwang said. ‘If no one ever hacked them, we might be still using things like this.’”

“It took DEF CON hackers minutes to pwn these US voting machines”
“We've got three years to shore up election security”, by Iain Thomson (The Register, July 29, 2017). “DEF CON After the debacle of the 2000 presidential election count, the US invested heavily in electronic voting systems — but not, it seems, the security to protect them.

This year at the DEF CON hacking conference in Las Vegas, 30 computer-powered ballot boxes used in American elections were set up in a simulated national White House race — and hackers got to work physically breaking the gear open to find out what was hidden inside.

In less than 90 minutes, the first cracks in the systems' defenses started appearing, revealing an embarrassing low level of security. Then one was hacked wirelessly.

‘Without question, our voting systems are weak and susceptible. Thanks to the contributions of the hacker community today, we've uncovered even more about exactly how,’ said Jake Braun, who sold DEF CON founder Jeff Moss on the idea earlier this year.”

“Defcon vote-hacking village shows that ‘secure’ voting machines can be broken in minutes”, by Cory Doctorow (BointBoint.Net, July 30, 2017). “I was in the room for some of this, and attended some of the excellent accompanying talks. The case for auditing and improving the country's voting machine security has never been made plainer, or more urgent. This is important work.

One important note: voting machines increasingly use Digital Rights Management (DRM) to restrict software updates, which triggers Section 1201 of the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), under which security researchers face potential criminal and civil penalties for revealing defects in products that are designed to control access to copyrighted works.”

“Hackers at DefCon conference exploit vulnerabilities in voting machines”, by Elizabeth Weise (USA Today, July 30, 2017). “LAS VEGAS – Hackers 5, voting machines 0.

It took less than a day for attendees at the DefCon hacking conference to find and exploit vulnerabilities in five different voting machine types.

The first ones were discovered within an hour and 30 minutes. And none of these vulnerabilities has ever been found before, they'll [sic] all new,’ said Harri Hursti, co-coordinator of the event.

One group even managed to rick-roll a touch screen voting machine, getting it to run Rick Astley's song ‘Never Gonna Give You Up,’ from 1987.” ….

“Several groups took machines apart, others found ports meant for election officials and plugged computers and testing devices into them to see what the [sic] could gain access to. Wireless and networked hacks were also attempted.

But much of the work didn't involve hacking at all.

‘It just took us a couple of hours on Google to find passwords that let us unlock the administrative functions on this machine,’ said Pfeifer, whose group was working on a touch screen voting machine. ‘Now we're working on where we can go from there.’”

Jim Crow GOP Steals Another Election As Brain Dead Democrats & Media Say Nothing, by Bob Fitrakis and Harvey Wasserman (6/21/2017). This article is true. Calling the Dems and media "Brain Dead" is a perfect description when talking about rigged elections, this time yet again in Georgia.

Georgia Lawsuit Tries to Stop Use of Touchscreen Machines in Special Election, by Holler Back Blog (5/26/2017); Lawsuit seeks paper ballots in Georgia's 6th District runoff, by Kristina Torres, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (5/26/2017). In Georgia, two voters of Georgians for Verified Voting and the Rocky Mountain Foundation sued GA Secretary of State Brian Kemp and election directors of GA-6's three counties, to block the use of touchscreen voting machines in the June 20th special election. To find out how each state votes and counts their votes, go to Verified Voting's Verifier.

Top hacker conference to target voting machines, by Edward-Isaac Dover (05/23/2017). At DEFCON 2017 this July, hackers will show how vulnerable voting machines are. Maybe this will put an end to the crimes/hacking/rigging of our elections via all the electronic voting machines. Or at least get it into the mainstream news media.

Simons: Why we must recount by hand, by Barbara Simons (11/29/2016). The recounts in Wisconsin (and other states, if applicable) must be done by hand. To use the same machines that may have done the count incorrectly in the first place would be insane.

Hey! Donald!! Let's Make a Deal on Those 3 Million “Rigged” Votes and a National Recount, by Harvey Wasserman (11/29/2016). If Donald Trump really wants to claim that millions of non-citizens voted for Hillary, he should fund a 50 state recount.

Did the GOP Strip & Flip the 2016 Selection?, by Bob Fitrakis & Harvey Wasserman (11/18/2016). The system really is rigged . . . just not the way Donald Trump says it is. By way of the slavery-inspired Electoral College, stripping of voter rolls, and outright discarding and flipping of votes, the GOP is able to win again and again, regardless of how much the pundits say it is in trouble.

Why Can't The Nation & the Left Deal With Election Theft?, by Bob Fitrakis & Harvey Wasserman (04/18/2016). Why are alarms about election fraud dismissed as "conspiracy theories" even on the left, when the official stories have been proven false in so many other cases?

Verified Voting Blog: What if Volkswagen made Voting Machines?, by Barbara Simons (09/25/2015). Numerous corporate cheating scandals such as Volkswagen's emission cheating are proof of corporate untrustworthiness -- why should we be any more trusting of voting machine companies?

Mathematician suspicious of election fraud hires lawyer to force Kansas to hand over voting records, by David Edwards (09/22/2015).

Columbia County becoming known for hand-counting votes. Virginia Martin, Election Commissioner of Columbia County, New York gains notice for her rigorous voting integrity policy, starting with hand-counting votes. Click here for a larger photo featuring her summer reading collection, including While We Still Have Time: The Perils of Electronic Voting Machines and Democracy�s Solution: Publicly Observed, Secure, Hand-counted Paper Ballot Elections by Sheila Parks. By John Mason (Columbia-Greene Media) (07/07/2015) You can buy this book here

Why Hillary Can't Win. It's not just the obvious double standard. To all of those fighting TPP, who think they can vote the 14 democratic senator traitors out of office, think again. And to everyone else who still does not get it, read this article now about the rigging of our elections via all the electronic voting machines -- touchsreens AND optical scans. By Bob Fitrakis and Harvey Wasserman. (06/24/2015)

They're at it again. North Carolina voters report voting machines switching their votes from Dem to GOP candidate, by Tom Boggioni (11/02/2014).

Wisconsins' red-to-blue swings by Marianne Moonhouse and Barbara With (10/24/2014), both in WI. Specifically about WI, but applicable to all elections, which can be rigged via electronic voting machines, both optical scans and touchscreens.

Scandal ABC blogs by Sheila Parks

Sheila Parks is blogging weekly about Shonda Rhimes' brilliant ABC TV show Scandal that is highlighting election rigging in Ohio. “Steal the White House? Yes, we can. Been done before. Will be done again.”

SCANDAL ABC: Defiance Is Not Dead and What About the Voting Rights Act? 5/23/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Whose Side Are You On - Olivia Pope's, David Rosen's or the People's? 5/13/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Defiance, Ohio - Is It On or Off the Table? 5/6/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Huck - Torturer on the Outside, Tortured on the Inside 4/29/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Defiance, Ohio and Boston, Massachusetts 4/9/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Democracy Continues to Die 4/2/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: Yes, Cyrus, Olivia's Vagina Is Political 3/25/2013.

SCANDAL ABC: A Pile of Truth for David Rosen and James Novak 2/26/2013.

Scandal ABC - Defiance Lives: Secrets and Betrayals 2/19/2013.

Healing the Wounds: An Activist's Notes for a Scandal Episode 2/12/2013.

For Crime of Century Scandal ABC Needs an Activist in the Writing Room 2/5/2013.

Election Rigging Plotted on ABC�s Scandal: The Real Life Backstory 1/24/2013.

Scandal on Stealing the White House 1/14/2013.

Story Notes For Television Producer Shonda Rhimes 12/19/2012.

Older News

Roadmap to Karl Rove's Empire of Election Fraud by Jill Simpson and Jim March.

Sheila Parks: “Will Your Vote Even Get Counted?”

Sheila Parks: “Your Vote Got Counted. Here's Why.”

INJUNCTION to impound election materials.

Read Hacking the Machines by Sheila Parks, April 27, 2012. The corporations, the 1%, own all the electronic voting machines, and these can all be rigged.

Read In Honor of the Anniversary of the Wisconsin Uprising, February 11, 2011 - Wisconsin: The New Florida and Ohio?, by Sheila Parks.

On February 8, 2012, two Lincoln County, WV officials (former Sheriff Jerry Bowman and former County Clerk Donald C. Whitten) pled guilty to charges of election fraud. After reading that, read how FOX News spins this as "voter fraud", even though the election theft was by officials, not individual voters.

Election hacked, drunken robot elected to school board. In 2010, U. Michigan Professor Alex Halderman and 2 graduate students hacked the Washington, DC e-voting system in a public test 3 weeks before it was to be used in an actual election. In their original report, they point out that even seemingly minor flaws provide security holes. At the RSA security conference in March 2012, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories computer scientist and Verified Voting chair David Jefferson warned that this kind of attack shows that internet voting systems are inherently insecure (article Part 1, Part 2).

The US Election Assistance Commission announces that ES&S DS200 optical scan e-voting machines ("IntElect") have lots of problems during actual voting. These machines read paper ballots that voters feed into them at their precincts, and are used in Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio (more info here), New York, and Wisconsin. But no decertification: according to the EAC's Brian Hancock, "Our goal is not to decertify systems. We never want to be in a situation of putting counties in a position where they cannot run an election."

Action item: On pages 135 - 137 in his book Mike's Election Guide 2008, Michael Moore calls for hand-counted paper ballots (HCPB). He has promised to write another paper to OWS about elections, and has asked for comments. Write him to remind him of his own words, to include HCPB elections in the new article. Here are 5 e-mail addresses to reach him, since some may bounce with "mailbox full": (#1, #2, #3, #4, #5).

In New Hampshire, this is the worst yet: Deputy Secretary of State David Scanlan calls voting rights activists "special interest groups" and accuses them of threatening election integrity. Thanks to Nancy Tobi for posting the Scanlan letter at the end of this article.

Read Hacking Our Elections With Big Money And Power, by Michael Collins and Sheila Parks, August 24, 2011. This describes the formula for modern elections: Candidates must have corporate financial backing to win; these financial resources, in turn are backed by our fraudulent machine-mediated election system. We must adopt a system of publicly hand-counted paper ballots to break the election machine part of this chain of corruption.

The Center for Hand-Counted Paper Ballots asks Wisconsin recall candidates to file an injunction to impound all electronic voting machines and ballots immediately after the election (August 7, 2011).

Listen to Sheila Parks on We The People with Sara Schulz (a radio show in Wisconsin), July 30, 2011, talking about election fraud and hand-counted paper ballots. Download the recording of this show here.

By Grant W. Petty and Sheila Parks, July 9, 2011: "It goes without saying that the outcomes of the nine Senate recall elections scheduled in Wisconsin will be of intense interest.... Forecasting the outcome of elections weeks in advance is always a risky business; nevertheless, we offer the following bold predictions...." READ MORE

Read Victoria Collier's open letter of June 5, 2011 and Sheila Parks' WISCONSIN: DEMOCRACY IN OUR HANDS, both about the activists' fight against Governor Scott Walker's assault on freedom in Wisconsin. "The bottom line is, as long as you are using Touch Screens and Optical Scanners to count your votes, the recalls can be manipulated. Even if you manage to secure a full 'audit' of the paper ballots, what happens if you detect anomalies in the count?" The recall elections are to be done on the same electronic voting machines that could have rigged the elections in the first place as well as the Supreme Court recount.

Read Sheila Parks' new article Down the Rabbit Hole With Democracy and Three Urgent Pleas. "When our children and grandchildren ask me what I am doing in this crucial time to stop our government from murdering people at home and abroad, I want to be able to tell them that I am doing everything I possibly can to get democracy in this country for all the people, for the first time ever, and to end these brutal behaviors everywhere. Don't you?" Parks writes about the myth of democracy past and present in the USA and about the absolute necessity for secure hand-counted paper ballots (HCPB) elections and a machine-free voting system to enable the will of the people of this country, whose voice is now drowned out by giant corporations that control every aspect of government, including the electoral system.

Here is a reminder that the United States is not the only country facing corporate subversion of democracy by way of electronic voting machines. For instance, the same thing is well under way in Estonia, and just like in the United States, much of the judicial system is against the people.

Now that the Egyptian people have driven Mubarak from power, the US seeks to push electronic voting machines from India on them. As computer security researchers (including some from India) have shown, the Indian voting machines are non-transparent and inherently insecure. Disappointingly, the authors list as their first two solutions "voter-veriable paper audit trails" and "precinct-count optical scan voting", but only their third solution, of "simple paper ballots" can provide security. This problem is not specific to Indian voting machines; the State of New Jersey has been sued for the insecurity of its voting machines; also see here.

After New York got optical scan electronic voting machines, Columbia County election commissioners decided to have voters hand-count the votes (also see this new article). If you are an election official and want to talk with commissioner Virginia Martin about why and how they did the hand count, she has invited that you contact her by e-mail (vmartin at; change the "at" and spaces to the proper symbol).

See What happened to the rights of the people in Ohio following Ohio's 2004 election debacle?